American Art Deco Architecture is an explanation of European Architecture. Here we will review the architecture in more detail about the American Art Deco
Modern American architecture is generally divided into two styles: Art Deco and Modern Streamline.
Art Deco Architecture
Art Deco, created in the 1920s and flourishing in the 1930s-1940s, is a versatile style that combines traditional craft motifs with images and materials from the machine age.
Modern Streamline, also known as Modern Art, was a late-style type of Art Deco style appeared in the thirties. Its architectural style highlights curved shapes, long horizontal lines and sometimes nautical elements.
The Art Deco style is often characterized by rich colors, symmetry, bold geometric shapes, simple composition, straight forms instead of curves and lush decorations. In the inter-war period, when rapid industrialization transformed culture, one of the main characteristics of Art Deco was its technological orientation.
At its peak, Art Deco embodied luxury, glamor, opulence and confidence in social and technological progress. American cities have many examples of Art Deco architecture, including New York, Chicago and Detroit. The famous skyscrapers of these cities are the best known, but remarkable Art Deco buildings can be found in other parts of the city.
This photo shows the entrance to the East British Columbia building in Los Angeles in the 1930s. The terracotta sunburst pattern illustrates the distinctive combination of craftsmanship, ornaments and geometric patterns.
Eastern Columbia Building Entrance Los Angeles 1930
The terracotta sunburst pattern is a perfect example of the Art Deco combination of craft motifs, ornaments and geometric patterns.
The tower is composed of seven radiant terrace arches mounted one behind the other. The paneling is ribbed and riveted in a bright sun pattern with many triangular arched windows.
Spire of the Chrysler Building New York
The sumptuous Art Deco tower of Chrysler New York City, designed by William Van Alen, was built between 1928 and 1930 and reflects the sumptuous ornamentation of the past, but a simple and unadorned composition of style.
As the decade of the Great Depression progressed in the 1930s, Americans saw the market as a new decorative element of the Art Deco style: rationalization. Streamline Modern is a concept initially developed by industrial designers who favored the aerodynamic concept of movement and speed, developed from scientific thought.
This aesthetic materialized through the use of cylindrical shapes and a long horizontal window shape. A number of designers have rapidly modernized and streamlined the design of everyday objects such as toasters.
Modern Streamline was both a reaction to Art Deco and a reflection of the economic crisis. Way was a useless ornament. The sharp angles have been replaced by simple aerodynamic curves. Exotic woods and stones were replaced by cement and glass.
Typical features of Streamline Modern are horizontal orientation, rounded edges, corner windows, glass blocks, portholes, chrome fittings, smooth exterior wall surfaces (usually stucco), horizontal grooves, and the attenuated colors.
This picture shows the warehouse of the company Hecht.
Hecht Company Warehouse
The Hecht Company Warehouse (Washington, DC) is a modern Streamline style building. The building uses a lot of glass blocks and ends with a dome shaped like a twelve-pointed star in the corner, lit up at night. The black brick with glass bricks embodies The Hecht Co. on the fifth floor.
Art Deco and rationalizing modernism, however, were not necessarily opposed. Streamlining Modern buildings with few decorative elements were not uncommon and sometimes there are so many crossovers that it can be difficult to distinguish between the two styles.
The picture shows the palladium from the outside. His name is on a huge vertical panel in the middle and movie projections are announced.
The Hollywood Palladium (in Hollywood, California) was a dance hall built in the 1940s in the style of the Streamline Modern. This photo shows the Palladium in 2005, before its renovation in 2008. Credit: art deco
Modern European architecture is a continuation of the European Architecture article. here we will review modern architecture in Europe.
Expressionist architecture is an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the twentieth century alongside expressionist visual and performing arts. The term Expressionist architecture describes for the first time the activities of the German, Dutch, Austrian, Czech and Danish avant-gardes from 1910 to 1930.
Subsequent redefinitions extended the term until 1905 and extended it to the rest of Europe. Today, the meaning has expanded to refer to the architecture of a date or place with some of the qualities of the original movement, such as distortion, fragmentation, or the communication of violent or overexploited emotions. .
The style was characterized by the early adoption of new materials, formal innovations and very unusual masses, sometimes inspired by natural biomorphic forms and sometimes the new technological possibilities offered by the mass production of bricks, steel and glass. .
Many expressionist architects fought in the First World War and their experiences, combined with the political upheavals and social upheavals that followed the German Revolution of 1919, led to a utopian attitude and a romantic socialist agenda. As a result, the ephemeral exhibition buildings were numerous and of great importance during this period.
Theater and film scenography also stimulated Expressionist imagery and provided additional income for designers attempting to challenge conventions in a difficult economic environment.
Characteristics of expressionist architecture
Expressionist architecture was individualistic and in many ways avoided aesthetic dogma. Although the movement has been very broad, certain points can be found in works of Expressionist architecture and are found to a certain extent in each of their works.
# A deformation of form for an emotional effect.
# The subordination of realism to a symbolic or stylistic expression of the inner experience.
# A fundamental effort to reach the new, original and visionary.
# A profusion of works on paper and models where the discovery and presentation of concepts are more important than the pragmatic finished products.
# Often, hybrid solutions that can not be reduced to a single concept.
# Natural and romantic phenomena such as caves, mountains, lightning, crystals and rock formations.
# Use the creative potential of crafting.
# An inclination for Gothic as for the classic.
# Refers to Moorish, Islamic, Egyptian and Indian art and architecture, as well as Romanesque and Greek art.
# Understands architecture as a work of art
The form also played a crucial role in the demarcation of the expressionist architecture of its immediate predecessor, Art Nouveau or Art Nouveau. While Art Nouveau with its ornaments had an organic freedom, Expressionist architecture sought to release the shape of the whole building instead of just its parts.
Erich Mendelsohn’s Einstein Tower is an example of an expressionist project built and formally resourceful. This sculpted building shows a relativistic and changing vision of geometry: without applied ornamentation, form and space are formed in a fluid concrete that expresses the concepts of the architect and the eponymous building.
Image of the tower from the outside. It’s a white tower with an observatory at the top.
The Einstein Tower
In Mendelsohn’s design, the form and space are made of flowing concrete and have no ornamentation.
Expressionist architecture uses curved geometries and a repetitive form in the movement is the dome. Another expressionist motif was the emphasis on horizontality or verticality for dramatic effects influenced by new technologies such as cruise liners and skyscrapers.
A sketch of the skyscraper in steel and glass.
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s skyscraper project Friedrichstrasse, Berlin-Mitte, 1921.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany
Rothenburg is the best preserved walled city in Germany. It is located on the famous Bavarian Romantic Route, halfway between Frankfurt and Munich. It is known for its medieval architecture, 14th-century ramparts, half-timbered houses lining the cobbled streets of the old town, and its 500-year-old wooden altarpiece by Riemenschneider. In the Middle Ages, Rothenburg was the second largest city in Germany. Today, tourism has taken control of this small town. Buses loaded with day-trippers visit Rothenburg during the day. So plan to spend the night and experience the city at the quieter hours of the morning and evening.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
There are several “Rothenburg” in Germany. Be sure to drive to Rothenburg ob der Tauber. It takes about 3 hours in Munich and a little less in Frankfurt. The station is located east of the city walls, about 15 minutes walk from the market square.
The city’s unspoiled, unspoiled ramparts include, in addition to the covered walkway above, numerous guard houses and preserved towers.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber tower
At the southern tip of Sweden, Malmö radiates a revolutionary architectural path in the future. Although there are some buildings of historical interest, visit Malmö to see how people will live in the future. Green initiatives are of utmost importance, but this does not prevent structures from being attractive. The city of Malmö has even created a bike path behind each building, which seems worthy of its architectural homoguiding. The new facility is mainly located in the western port, a vast reconquered area located in front of the city’s medieval center, which was once one of the largest shipyards in Europe.
Vastra hamnen Malmo
Despite its physical location over the Baltic Sea in Sweden, Malmö is well connected to the rest of Europe thanks to the Öresund Bridge, an impressive technical achievement. It’s a good stop on the other side of the Copenhagen Strait before heading to Stockholm for the remaining 4h30.
Building not to be missed: the Turning Torso of Santiago Calatrava also catches the eye. The tallest and most famous building in Malmö, located in the western port, has been voted the world’s best residential building.
Torso Malmo Sweden
Above Öresundstraße is the most famous of these two cities: Copenhagen. Copenhagen combines modernity and antiquity with more gentleness. The city displays architectural styles from the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo and 21st century. Since 2000, modern Copenhagen architecture has been created by leading international architects and a number of successful new Danish architects. This new golden age has spawned modern masterpieces, such as Sampension, Kilen, Tietgenkollegiet and the Royal Playhouse, all of which have been awarded.
Nyhavn colored Copenhagen
Copenhagen is well connected as a railway node. Almost all trains between Sweden and Germany stop in Copenhagen. Hamburg, Germany, is about 5 hours and Stockholm, Sweden, just 5:15 on the high-speed line.
Unmissable building: Built in 2008, the Royal Playhouse on the harbor is well worth a visit. Discover what makes the $ 500 million nefuturist Copenhagen Opera house so special. If that were not enough, Denmark’s National Aquarium is a beautiful new building located outside the suburbs.
Opera House Copenhagen
Although its architecture is not necessarily consistent, Krakow deserves its place on the list, spared by the excessive bombing during the Second World War. Since Prague is for the Czech Republic, Krakow is a gift from Poland for tourism. It’s simply one of the great travel destinations in Europe. Krakow was beautifully rebuilt after its publication in the 13th century and is largely celebrated today. Four hundred years ago, the capital moved from here to Warsaw, but the city remains the cultural and intellectual heart of Poland.
Poland is now included in the Eurail Pass and Krakow is well connected by rail to Wroclaw, Warsaw and other cities. You can reach Krakow from Warsaw around 2:30 am with the high speed train or much longer with slower regional connections.
Krakow’s main market square, Rynek Glowny, is the bustling heart of Krakow and one of the largest squares in Europe. You can not miss it.
Krakow market square
Hungarian Art Nouveau
Most people think of Prague or Barcelona, if you are talking about Art Nouveau. The little-known Subotica, however, plays a major role in the world of “new art”. Formerly part of the Kingdom of Hungary, this border town of Serbia still has a mixture of cultures, ethnic Hungarians, Serbs and Croats. Subotica reached its golden age in the early twentieth century, when most of its monumental structures were built. The style here is technically the Hungarian version of the Art Nouveau Secession, and there are still 41 buildings.
Subotica is located on the railway line in northern Serbia, about halfway between Budapest and Belgrade. It’s a wonderful stop between the two. Trains only cover the road twice a day, so plan accordingly.
City Hall is an outstanding example of Secession architecture. The synagogue, the Raichle Palace and the shores are not far from their beauty.
Subotica City Serbia
One could say that the inscription of Rome on a list of European architecture is too obvious. But really, you can not overestimate the scope of Rome’s architecture. It spans millennia and contains the most important structure of Western civilization: the Pantheon. Much of the classical architecture was developed in Rome and new forms such as arch, dome and chapel were introduced here. Take a look at the Roman forum and the godfathers of all the Roman monuments: the Coliseum. But that does not stop: the buildings of Rome include Romanesque buildings (11th-13th centuries), Renaissance, Baroque, neoclassical and fascist architecture.
All roads lead to Rome, right? Or in this case, the railway lines. After Venice and Florence, and before Naples to the south, you can easily add Rome to your Eurail program.
even 2000 years after its construction, the dome of the Pantheon is the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. Once it’s poured, get an ice cream.
Pantheon dome Rome
With Florence, Italy, art goes before architecture. But this city, the epicenter of the Renaissance, is so rich in culture that its architecture still shines. The city is full of examples of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and 17th century buildings, as well as some periods from the Neoclassical, Rococo and Habsburg-Lorraine periods. Florence deserves its place in all European rail adventures and it will take you at least two days to live in the city.
Florence is ideally located in Tuscany, about halfway between Rome and the north of Italy. It is 1:20 direct route from the Italian capital and less than 2 hours from Milan and Venice with direct high-speed trains from Freccia.
It must be said that although Ghiberti’s baptistery and bronze doors are undoubtedly the most important building in Florence, it is the Duomo of Florence that surpasses both literally and figuratively. The dome of Brunelleschi propelled Italy and the Middle Ages into a new age of the Renaissance.
Another tourist town that is worth it: Carcassonne, France. This medieval fortified town of Languedoc-Roussillon has a history of 2,500 years. Its massive defenses protecting the castle and its surrounding buildings, as well as the streets and the beautiful Gothic cathedral earned it a place on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Carcassonne is located on a rocky hill and is a world of towers, turrets and cobblestones of the thirteenth century – a city of fairy tales. Visit in low season to avoid the crowds.
Trains from Paris reach Carcassonne (via Narbonne) at 5.30 am and Toulouse just over an hour away. The station Carcassonne is located on the northern outskirts. Most points of the center are within 5 to 10 minutes walking distance.
The City of Carcassonne steals the show here. It has picturesque fortifications and more than 3 km of walls with 52 towers!
Castle of Carcassonne
Helsinki does not appear in too many lists. It does not have a long history or a medieval center. But what it does, it’s fine. Helsinki has museums devoted to Finnish design and architecture of world renown. The styles that shine the most here are modernism, functionalism and Art Nouveau, with which it has the highest concentration of Northern Europe. Art Nouveau or youth architecture, as it is called here, has been interpreted in Finland according to its own form of national romanticism. The 1904 Jugendsali Hall and the 1910 National Museum are some of the finest examples. The works of the famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto represent the best of modernism.
Market Square Helsinki
Helsinki is the hub of the Finnish railroad with connections to Tampere and the former capital Turku. Although the country is slightly cut off from the rest of Europe in terms of rail links, it is worthwhile to come here. Ferries connect Finland with Tallinn, Estonia and Sweden.
Building not to be missed: Eliel Saarinen’s main railway station dating from 1914 is a revelation in the style of late youth. You will surely see this fabulous building if you arrive by train to Helsinki. The church “Rock” of Temppeliaukio was built to an incredibly high level and occupies the second place on the list.
Helsinki Railway Station
As one of the main cities of Europe around 1500, Nuremberg was a fortress of the Holy Roman Empire. Today, the old town has impressive medieval architecture. This second largest city in Bavaria has half a million inhabitants. A stroll through the charming old streets, half-timbered houses and Gothic churches, all in the shadow of an imperial castle, suggests that it is a much smaller city. Do not forget to eat some of the famous Nuremberg sausages. Visit in December on the occasion of the opening of the largest Christmas market in Germany.
Nuremberg is a simple one-hour train ride from Munich and a little longer from Regensburg (another beautiful old town) or Rothenburg. Direct connections from Hamburg or Berlin are available in less than 5 hours.
The Kaiserburg with the Burggrafenburg and the city buildings of the imperial city are a good starting point. The ramparts of the city are also impressive. The 4 km still standing show why they are among the most impressive medieval fortresses in Europe.
Europe is a great buildings for architecture. From medieval monasteries and Renaissance castles to the most modern design, European architecture is the most diverse in the world.
Modern European Architecture
Expressionist architecture is a twentieth-century European movement that has developed alongside visual and performance expressionist art.
The term Expressionist architecture describes for the first time the activities of the German, Dutch, Austrian, Czech and Danish avant-gardes from 1910 to 1930.
The style was characterized by the early adoption of new materials, formal innovations and very unusual masses, sometimes inspired by natural biomorphic forms and sometimes the new technological possibilities offered by the mass production of bricks, steel and glass.
Expressionist architecture was an individualistic aesthetic dogma and in many ways. Among the lawyers’ common goals are: shape distortion, the pursuit of the new, the idea of architecture as a work of art and the purpose of expressing inner experiences.
Expressionist architecture: an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the twentieth century alongside expressionist visual and performing arts.
American Art Deco Architecture
Art deco and streamlined modernism were two key styles of early twentieth-century American architecture.
Art Deco was created during the inter-war period and combines traditional craft motifs with images and materials from the age of the machine.
Art Deco is recognizable by its heavy ornaments, bold geometric shapes and bright colors.
Streamline Modern is an aesthetic created for the first time by industrial designers who have removed the art-deco design from their ornament to the benefit of the aerodynamic concept pure movement and speed developed by scientific thought: it is materialized by cylindrical shapes and long horizontal windows.
The Modern Streamline was both a reaction to Art Deco and a reflection of the economic crisis. The decoration was useless: the sharp angles were replaced by simple and aerodynamic curves.
Streamline Modern: sometimes referred to as Modern Art, a late form of Art Deco design style that appeared in the 1930s. Its architectural style highlights curved shapes, long horizontal lines and sometimes nautical elements.
Art Deco: Decorative art and architecture style of the 1920s and 1930s characterized by bold geometric shapes and simple composition.
If you want to get to know the key Architecture and Interior Design Trends, read on. We asked the experts to share their predictions about what’s going on and what’s coming out. Your answers might surprise you.
The neutrals are off and the bright colors are back. Image: Taylor + Taylor
“Going to be something other than neutral tones, things are going in a bold direction, especially red, rich blues and vibrant greens, people are tired of having neutral, sometimes boring, palettes – Rainey Richardson, Rainey Richardson Interiors
This is officially your incentive to expand the boundaries of pattern and color. Although neutral tones should still be part of your design, we see until 2030 that they take up much more space in the background. You can either come up with statement furniture or use these colors in your accessories. Carpets, pillows and blankets are a great way to keep up with the trend without feeling too much.
Use vintage accessories as a conversation item. Image: Rigby & Mac
“Organize old and old accessories and art to tell a story, whether at home or in a hotel, the mix of found objects, books and artwork in your room creates a unique and personal experience. from social networks to eBay, antique dealers and even craigslist! – Kellie Sirna, Studio 11 Design
The design should be anything but boring. We love the idea of ??this trend of vintage accessories because you can give your creations a special something, an integrated centerpiece and a possible focus. We recommend that you do some research to find out what design time you are most comfortable with using these types of accessories and use them as inspiration.
Darker fixtures Kitchen
Darker devices celebrate their comeback. Image: Brio interior design
Darker and mixed surfaces
“Brass is making a comeback, surpassing the ubiquitous red gold.” – Sarah Hullinger, Hirsch Bedner Associates (HBA)
“I see a constant fondness for mixing metal surfaces in all areas, from furniture to kitchens and bathrooms to lights, cabinet fittings and accessories – copper, bronze, brass, satin brass, gold and black-nickel are now working together and are interchangeable. “- Juliet Gold, Juliet Gold Design
We have already talked about how to mix metals. If you want to go this way, remember to choose one dominant metal for the piece and use the others as accents. Also, make sure that the surfaces of each type of metal are matched to make them more visually approximate.
Wood plank flooring
The wooden floor becomes wider and longer. Image: granite architecture + interior
Wood with wide planks
“While the popularity of larger boards is increasing, while homeowners are swapping conventional widths for larger planks, 5-inch planks are the new classic, with the wider planks returning to a more rustic or vintage look, and the trend heading for random-width installations – Sara Babinski of Armstrong Flooring
The wider planks are the perfect choice for those who prefer rustic or industrial aesthetics. They have the means to give the piece a sense of history and a charm that is rarely found in more elaborate looks. Although the wood is probably fairly neutral, the wide planks give the room a subtle visual impression.
creating spaces that feel aspirational-office
About creating spaces that feel ambitious. Image: Interior Marie Flanigan
“I think we’re going to design spaces based on what people want to feel, and people at home have taken the pressure to impress their friends, they do not want a generic house, like a magazine People are ready to clearly understand how they want to feel at home – and they will make design decisions, whether “relaxed”, “stimulated”, “intimate” or “professional” – spaces have the power to make us feel What we want in our lives Annie Kip, Annie Kip STYLE + DESIGN
With this trend we see an even stronger emphasis on design freedom. Rather than relying on predetermined conventions or rules for a particular aesthetic, you really have the opportunity to create a unique space that fits your personality and your goals. How cool is that?
Get ready to multiply these trends. Image: De Meza + Architecture
Every year the landscape changes with design is no different. Fortunately, we can always rely on professionals to tell us what to expect. The above trends are the ones we have heard many times before. Keep your eyes open and we guarantee that you will appear before you even notice.
Images Credit: stephengraver
House DS is a part of projects done by Graux & Baeyens Architecten. It just completed in 2011. It is located in a residential area in Belgium, Destelbergen. That is the place where the property of House DS was bought in 1991. With the work of the talented team of architect, House DS is created. It uses 1.071 square meters of property.
House by Graux Baeyens
Interior spaces with 312 square meters are the construction tried to make. The architects work hard to renew the building into a more engaging building. Dark volume and farm-like architecture are combined to make this house. This combination connects the old house and the new house so there is no something like gap in this house.
Wooden Floor & Black Paint
A swimming pool is also created in the house DS to beautify the house. A large garden is used to give a different nuance to the house DS. Because dark volumes are used in the design of this house, garden will give a natural feeling to the house. it will be coloring the house with the green of grass. Swimming pool can also give a blue color to the house. it brings the fresh air to the house DS as a renew house.
Relaxation Spot by the Pool
Pool in the Back Yard
Natural Look of the House
Kitchen and Dining Room
Brick Wall and Green Grass
Black Wall Paint
Black Furniture Living Room
Back, Cozy Pool
Image Credit: Fresh Home