Why are we asking this now?
The world has seen the problem of population explosion in recent decades as never before. With this, it is time to address several other annoyances such as where to house the growing population, where to find jobs for most of them and most importantly, where they feed on a huge digital, given that most of the agricultural and forest area is gradually transformed into a residential area?Remaining patches and stripes become infertile farmland, increasing concerns about food supply. Naturally, there must be a way out! The only visible at this time is to go vertical farms, and we went to the vertical expansion of the architecture to accommodate the growing population.
Is it really that serious?
Of course it is. Imagine what it would be if the company developed within the buildings and part of your office building devoted to crops? Besides reducing the space needed for agriculture, would also partially solve the problem of urban pollution. They all go together. It is estimated that by 2020, world population will increase by three billion, naturally the place you need to grow plants that feed enough people would also be enormous. One estimate is that an area of 20 percent more than the country of Brazil, this would be necessary to address the cause. So you see? The matter is serious and damn if a solution is proposed.
What others are saying?
Proponents of this proposal are numerous. One of the most important of these is Dickson Despommier, a professor and researcher at Columbia University. He strongly believes that if the remaining tasks of agricultural land are under pressure to get the maximum use of artificial fertilizers and agricultural practices healthy, must be a way to end this. Vertical farming is the only possible solution. Taking into account the benefit of the doubt, problems as to where the sunlight for a vertical model of agriculture and overlap infe3station frequent pests, the idea is great and deserves to be given a serious thought. Another supporter is Gene Giacomelli, who is the Program Director for controlled environment agriculture.With collaborators, Gene has successfully completed a project involving the cultivation of vegetables and fruits in a building in the center of Amundsen-Scott research in Antarctica.
1. Columbia University vertical farm
This is only a concept and yet, has not yet been tested at pilot scale. However, the estimate is that the vegetation consumes the equivalent of the vertical farms surface of a building of eighteen plants would be enough to feed a population of fifty thousand.The only thing that has not been considered in this model is the place for livestock, agriculture in all cases the horizontal support vertical farms? Cows and pigs can not keep wandering in a building 80 plants to meet their quota of forage.Work and thought on this aspect is also moving. Chances are, sooner or later, you can find green vegetation to build their city too, remember the following bleating and cattle.
2. Chris Jacobs’ vertical farm
Chris Jacobs, an architect by profession and an easy to take anyone, by chance, became involved in the green movement in the design of vertical farms. In fact it was the first person who has designed an architecture of a vertical farm really viable. The proposed architecture vertical farming would be a tower with different floors devoted to different crops and livestock. The energy would be an obvious problem, which he feels can be easily overcome by research and efforts in this direction. The principle behind this idea is to hydroponics or the art to increase crop entirely in waters rich in nutrients and micro-macro, without the slightest trace of soil particles.
The main hurdles
Each new entry has to face the questions. As is the case here. The first challenge is to show how sunlight will enter at different stages in order to provide the desired wavelengths of light? This would require artificial sources of light. And if all artificial sources are used, how it is exactly what the proposal is green? The next question is whether the update of this concept is possible or not. The main reason is, the conditions of temperature, light and nutrients must be maintained in a critical way for a profitable yield of crops.
What can be done?
Steps are being taken and answers found to these questions. As difficult as the explanation may seem, the conclusion is just a proposal that will come true one day because a growing world population would have nothing more to live, if this practice is not used. The future is so called because it is not known. While waiting to see how this concept is given a good reason to exist and prosper!