American Art Deco Architecture

American Art Deco Architecture

American Art Deco Architecture is an explanation of European Architecture. Here we will review the architecture in more detail about the American Art Deco

Modern American architecture is generally divided into two styles: Art Deco and Modern Streamline.

Art Deco Architecture

Art Deco, created in the 1920s and flourishing in the 1930s-1940s, is a versatile style that combines traditional craft motifs with images and materials from the machine age.

Modern Streamline, also known as Modern Art, was a late-style type of Art Deco style appeared in the thirties. Its architectural style highlights curved shapes, long horizontal lines and sometimes nautical elements.

The Art Deco style is often characterized by rich colors, symmetry, bold geometric shapes, simple composition, straight forms instead of curves and lush decorations. In the inter-war period, when rapid industrialization transformed culture, one of the main characteristics of Art Deco was its technological orientation.

At its peak, Art Deco embodied luxury, glamor, opulence and confidence in social and technological progress. American cities have many examples of Art Deco architecture, including New York, Chicago and Detroit. The famous skyscrapers of these cities are the best known, but remarkable Art Deco buildings can be found in other parts of the city.
This photo shows the entrance to the East British Columbia building in Los Angeles in the 1930s. The terracotta sunburst pattern illustrates the distinctive combination of craftsmanship, ornaments and geometric patterns.

1930 Eastern Columbia Building Entrance Los Angeles

Eastern Columbia Building Entrance Los Angeles 1930

The terracotta sunburst pattern is a perfect example of the Art Deco combination of craft motifs, ornaments and geometric patterns.
The tower is composed of seven radiant terrace arches mounted one behind the other. The paneling is ribbed and riveted in a bright sun pattern with many triangular arched windows.

Spire of the Chrysler Building New York

Spire of the Chrysler Building New York

The sumptuous Art Deco tower of Chrysler New York City, designed by William Van Alen, was built between 1928 and 1930 and reflects the sumptuous ornamentation of the past, but a simple and unadorned composition of style.

Streamline modern

As the decade of the Great Depression progressed in the 1930s, Americans saw the market as a new decorative element of the Art Deco style: rationalization. Streamline Modern is a concept initially developed by industrial designers who favored the aerodynamic concept of movement and speed, developed from scientific thought.

This aesthetic materialized through the use of cylindrical shapes and a long horizontal window shape. A number of designers have rapidly modernized and streamlined the design of everyday objects such as toasters.

Modern Streamline was both a reaction to Art Deco and a reflection of the economic crisis. Way was a useless ornament. The sharp angles have been replaced by simple aerodynamic curves. Exotic woods and stones were replaced by cement and glass.

Typical features of Streamline Modern are horizontal orientation, rounded edges, corner windows, glass blocks, portholes, chrome fittings, smooth exterior wall surfaces (usually stucco), horizontal grooves, and the attenuated colors.
This picture shows the warehouse of the company Hecht.

Hecht Company Warehouse

Hecht Company Warehouse

The Hecht Company Warehouse (Washington, DC) is a modern Streamline style building. The building uses a lot of glass blocks and ends with a dome shaped like a twelve-pointed star in the corner, lit up at night. The black brick with glass bricks embodies The Hecht Co. on the fifth floor.

Art Deco and rationalizing modernism, however, were not necessarily opposed. Streamlining Modern buildings with few decorative elements were not uncommon and sometimes there are so many crossovers that it can be difficult to distinguish between the two styles.

The picture shows the palladium from the outside. His name is on a huge vertical panel in the middle and movie projections are announced.

Hollywood Palladium

Hollywood Palladium

The Hollywood Palladium (in Hollywood, California) was a dance hall built in the 1940s in the style of the Streamline Modern. This photo shows the Palladium in 2005, before its renovation in 2008. Credit: art deco

Modern European Architecture

Modern European Architecture

Modern European architecture is a continuation of the European Architecture article. here we will review modern architecture in Europe.

Expressionist architecture is an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the twentieth century alongside expressionist visual and performing arts. The term Expressionist architecture describes for the first time the activities of the German, Dutch, Austrian, Czech and Danish avant-gardes from 1910 to 1930.

Subsequent redefinitions extended the term until 1905 and extended it to the rest of Europe. Today, the meaning has expanded to refer to the architecture of a date or place with some of the qualities of the original movement, such as distortion, fragmentation, or the communication of violent or overexploited emotions. .

The style was characterized by the early adoption of new materials, formal innovations and very unusual masses, sometimes inspired by natural biomorphic forms and sometimes the new technological possibilities offered by the mass production of bricks, steel and glass. .

Many expressionist architects fought in the First World War and their experiences, combined with the political upheavals and social upheavals that followed the German Revolution of 1919, led to a utopian attitude and a romantic socialist agenda. As a result, the ephemeral exhibition buildings were numerous and of great importance during this period.

Theater and film scenography also stimulated Expressionist imagery and provided additional income for designers attempting to challenge conventions in a difficult economic environment.
Characteristics of expressionist architecture

Expressionist architecture was individualistic and in many ways avoided aesthetic dogma. Although the movement has been very broad, certain points can be found in works of Expressionist architecture and are found to a certain extent in each of their works.

# A deformation of form for an emotional effect.
# The subordination of realism to a symbolic or stylistic expression of the inner experience.
# A fundamental effort to reach the new, original and visionary.
# A profusion of works on paper and models where the discovery and presentation of concepts are more important than the pragmatic finished products.
# Often, hybrid solutions that can not be reduced to a single concept.
# Natural and romantic phenomena such as caves, mountains, lightning, crystals and rock formations.
# Use the creative potential of crafting.
# An inclination for Gothic as for the classic.
# Refers to Moorish, Islamic, Egyptian and Indian art and architecture, as well as Romanesque and Greek art.
# Understands architecture as a work of art

The form also played a crucial role in the demarcation of the expressionist architecture of its immediate predecessor, Art Nouveau or Art Nouveau. While Art Nouveau with its ornaments had an organic freedom, Expressionist architecture sought to release the shape of the whole building instead of just its parts.

Erich Mendelsohn’s Einstein Tower is an example of an expressionist project built and formally resourceful. This sculpted building shows a relativistic and changing vision of geometry: without applied ornamentation, form and space are formed in a fluid concrete that expresses the concepts of the architect and the eponymous building.
Image of the tower from the outside. It’s a white tower with an observatory at the top.

The Einstein Tower

The Einstein Tower

In Mendelsohn’s design, the form and space are made of flowing concrete and have no ornamentation.

Expressionist architecture uses curved geometries and a repetitive form in the movement is the dome. Another expressionist motif was the emphasis on horizontality or verticality for dramatic effects influenced by new technologies such as cruise liners and skyscrapers.
A sketch of the skyscraper in steel and glass.

Skyscraper Project

Skyscraper Project

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s skyscraper project Friedrichstrasse, Berlin-Mitte, 1921.

Credit: Wikipedia

European Architecture

European Architecture

Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Germany

Rothenburg is the best preserved walled city in Germany. It is located on the famous Bavarian Romantic Route, halfway between Frankfurt and Munich. It is known for its medieval architecture, 14th-century ramparts, half-timbered houses lining the cobbled streets of the old town, and its 500-year-old wooden altarpiece by Riemenschneider. In the Middle Ages, Rothenburg was the second largest city in Germany. Today, tourism has taken control of this small town. Buses loaded with day-trippers visit Rothenburg during the day. So plan to spend the night and experience the city at the quieter hours of the morning and evening.

Rothenburg ob der Tauber

Rothenburg ob der Tauber

There are several “Rothenburg” in Germany. Be sure to drive to Rothenburg ob der Tauber. It takes about 3 hours in Munich and a little less in Frankfurt. The station is located east of the city walls, about 15 minutes walk from the market square.

The city’s unspoiled, unspoiled ramparts include, in addition to the covered walkway above, numerous guard houses and preserved towers.

Rothenburg ob der Tauber tower

Rothenburg ob der Tauber tower

 

Malmö, Sweden

At the southern tip of Sweden, Malmö radiates a revolutionary architectural path in the future. Although there are some buildings of historical interest, visit Malmö to see how people will live in the future. Green initiatives are of utmost importance, but this does not prevent structures from being attractive. The city of Malmö has even created a bike path behind each building, which seems worthy of its architectural homoguiding. The new facility is mainly located in the western port, a vast reconquered area located in front of the city’s medieval center, which was once one of the largest shipyards in Europe.

Vastra hamnen Malmo

Vastra hamnen Malmo

Despite its physical location over the Baltic Sea in Sweden, Malmö is well connected to the rest of Europe thanks to the Öresund Bridge, an impressive technical achievement. It’s a good stop on the other side of the Copenhagen Strait before heading to Stockholm for the remaining 4h30.

Building not to be missed: the Turning Torso of Santiago Calatrava also catches the eye. The tallest and most famous building in Malmö, located in the western port, has been voted the world’s best residential building.

Torso Malmo Sweden

Torso Malmo Sweden

Copenhagen, Denmark

Above Öresundstraße is the most famous of these two cities: Copenhagen. Copenhagen combines modernity and antiquity with more gentleness. The city displays architectural styles from the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo and 21st century. Since 2000, modern Copenhagen architecture has been created by leading international architects and a number of successful new Danish architects. This new golden age has spawned modern masterpieces, such as Sampension, Kilen, Tietgenkollegiet and the Royal Playhouse, all of which have been awarded.

Nyhavn colored Copenhagen

Nyhavn colored Copenhagen

Copenhagen is well connected as a railway node. Almost all trains between Sweden and Germany stop in Copenhagen. Hamburg, Germany, is about 5 hours and Stockholm, Sweden, just 5:15 on the high-speed line.

Unmissable building: Built in 2008, the Royal Playhouse on the harbor is well worth a visit. Discover what makes the $ 500 million nefuturist Copenhagen Opera house so special. If that were not enough, Denmark’s National Aquarium is a beautiful new building located outside the suburbs.

Opera House Copenhagen

Opera House Copenhagen

Krakow, Poland

Although its architecture is not necessarily consistent, Krakow deserves its place on the list, spared by the excessive bombing during the Second World War. Since Prague is for the Czech Republic, Krakow is a gift from Poland for tourism. It’s simply one of the great travel destinations in Europe. Krakow was beautifully rebuilt after its publication in the 13th century and is largely celebrated today. Four hundred years ago, the capital moved from here to Warsaw, but the city remains the cultural and intellectual heart of Poland.

Castle Krakow

Castle Krakow

Poland is now included in the Eurail Pass and Krakow is well connected by rail to Wroclaw, Warsaw and other cities. You can reach Krakow from Warsaw around 2:30 am with the high speed train or much longer with slower regional connections.

Krakow’s main market square, Rynek Glowny, is the bustling heart of Krakow and one of the largest squares in Europe. You can not miss it.

 

Krakow market square

Krakow market square

Subotica, Serbia

Hungarian Art Nouveau

Hungarian Art Nouveau

 

Most people think of Prague or Barcelona, ​​if you are talking about Art Nouveau. The little-known Subotica, however, plays a major role in the world of “new art”. Formerly part of the Kingdom of Hungary, this border town of Serbia still has a mixture of cultures, ethnic Hungarians, Serbs and Croats. Subotica reached its golden age in the early twentieth century, when most of its monumental structures were built. The style here is technically the Hungarian version of the Art Nouveau Secession, and there are still 41 buildings.

Subotica is located on the railway line in northern Serbia, about halfway between Budapest and Belgrade. It’s a wonderful stop between the two. Trains only cover the road twice a day, so plan accordingly.

City Hall is an outstanding example of Secession architecture. The synagogue, the Raichle Palace and the shores are not far from their beauty.

Subotica City Serbia

Subotica City Serbia

Rome, Italy

One could say that the inscription of Rome on a list of European architecture is too obvious. But really, you can not overestimate the scope of Rome’s architecture. It spans millennia and contains the most important structure of Western civilization: the Pantheon. Much of the classical architecture was developed in Rome and new forms such as arch, dome and chapel were introduced here. Take a look at the Roman forum and the godfathers of all the Roman monuments: the Coliseum. But that does not stop: the buildings of Rome include Romanesque buildings (11th-13th centuries), Renaissance, Baroque, neoclassical and fascist architecture.

Colloseum Rome

Colloseum Rome

All roads lead to Rome, right? Or in this case, the railway lines. After Venice and Florence, and before Naples to the south, you can easily add Rome to your Eurail program.

even 2000 years after its construction, the dome of the Pantheon is the largest unreinforced concrete dome in the world. Once it’s poured, get an ice cream.

Pantheon dome Rome

Pantheon dome Rome

Florence, Italy

With Florence, Italy, art goes before architecture. But this city, the epicenter of the Renaissance, is so rich in culture that its architecture still shines. The city is full of examples of Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance and 17th century buildings, as well as some periods from the Neoclassical, Rococo and Habsburg-Lorraine periods. Florence deserves its place in all European rail adventures and it will take you at least two days to live in the city.

Florence Duomo-door

Florence Duomo-door

Florence is ideally located in Tuscany, about halfway between Rome and the north of Italy. It is 1:20 direct route from the Italian capital and less than 2 hours from Milan and Venice with direct high-speed trains from Freccia.

It must be said that although Ghiberti’s baptistery and bronze doors are undoubtedly the most important building in Florence, it is the Duomo of Florence that surpasses both literally and figuratively. The dome of Brunelleschi propelled Italy and the Middle Ages into a new age of the Renaissance.

Florence Duomo

Florence Duomo

Carcassonne, France

Another tourist town that is worth it: Carcassonne, France. This medieval fortified town of Languedoc-Roussillon has a history of 2,500 years. Its massive defenses protecting the castle and its surrounding buildings, as well as the streets and the beautiful Gothic cathedral earned it a place on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Carcassonne is located on a rocky hill and is a world of towers, turrets and cobblestones of the thirteenth century – a city of fairy tales. Visit in low season to avoid the crowds.

Carcassonne

Carcassonne

Trains from Paris reach Carcassonne (via Narbonne) at 5.30 am and Toulouse just over an hour away. The station Carcassonne is located on the northern outskirts. Most points of the center are within 5 to 10 minutes walking distance.

The City of Carcassonne steals the show here. It has picturesque fortifications and more than 3 km of walls with 52 towers!

Castle of Carcassonne

Castle of Carcassonne

Helsinki, Finland

Helsinki does not appear in too many lists. It does not have a long history or a medieval center. But what it does, it’s fine. Helsinki has museums devoted to Finnish design and architecture of world renown. The styles that shine the most here are modernism, functionalism and Art Nouveau, with which it has the highest concentration of Northern Europe. Art Nouveau or youth architecture, as it is called here, has been interpreted in Finland according to its own form of national romanticism. The 1904 Jugendsali Hall and the 1910 National Museum are some of the finest examples. The works of the famous Finnish architect Alvar Aalto represent the best of modernism.

Market Square Helsinki

Market Square Helsinki

Helsinki is the hub of the Finnish railroad with connections to Tampere and the former capital Turku. Although the country is slightly cut off from the rest of Europe in terms of rail links, it is worthwhile to come here. Ferries connect Finland with Tallinn, Estonia and Sweden.

Building not to be missed: Eliel Saarinen’s main railway station dating from 1914 is a revelation in the style of late youth. You will surely see this fabulous building if you arrive by train to Helsinki. The church “Rock” of Temppeliaukio was built to an incredibly high level and occupies the second place on the list.

Helsinki Railway Station

Helsinki Railway Station

Nuremberg, Germany

As one of the main cities of Europe around 1500, Nuremberg was a fortress of the Holy Roman Empire. Today, the old town has impressive medieval architecture. This second largest city in Bavaria has half a million inhabitants. A stroll through the charming old streets, half-timbered houses and Gothic churches, all in the shadow of an imperial castle, suggests that it is a much smaller city. Do not forget to eat some of the famous Nuremberg sausages. Visit in December on the occasion of the opening of the largest Christmas market in Germany.

Nuremberg buildings

Nuremberg buildings

Nuremberg is a simple one-hour train ride from Munich and a little longer from Regensburg (another beautiful old town) or Rothenburg. Direct connections from Hamburg or Berlin are available in less than 5 hours.

The Kaiserburg with the Burggrafenburg and the city buildings of the imperial city are a good starting point. The ramparts of the city are also impressive. The 4 km still standing show why they are among the most impressive medieval fortresses in Europe.

Nuremberg Castle

Nuremberg Castle

Europe is a great buildings for architecture. From medieval monasteries and Renaissance castles to the most modern design, European architecture is the most diverse in the world.

 

Modern European Architecture

Expressionist architecture is a twentieth-century European movement that has developed alongside visual and performance expressionist art.

The term Expressionist architecture describes for the first time the activities of the German, Dutch, Austrian, Czech and Danish avant-gardes from 1910 to 1930.

The style was characterized by the early adoption of new materials, formal innovations and very unusual masses, sometimes inspired by natural biomorphic forms and sometimes the new technological possibilities offered by the mass production of bricks, steel and glass.

Expressionist architecture was an individualistic aesthetic dogma and in many ways. Among the lawyers’ common goals are: shape distortion, the pursuit of the new, the idea of ​​architecture as a work of art and the purpose of expressing inner experiences.

Expressionist architecture: an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the twentieth century alongside expressionist visual and performing arts.

American Art Deco Architecture

Art deco and streamlined modernism were two key styles of early twentieth-century American architecture.

Art Deco was created during the inter-war period and combines traditional craft motifs with images and materials from the age of the machine.

Art Deco is recognizable by its heavy ornaments, bold geometric shapes and bright colors.
Streamline Modern is an aesthetic created for the first time by industrial designers who have removed the art-deco design from their ornament to the benefit of the aerodynamic concept pure movement and speed developed by scientific thought: it is materialized by cylindrical shapes and long horizontal windows.

The Modern Streamline was both a reaction to Art Deco and a reflection of the economic crisis. The decoration was useless: the sharp angles were replaced by simple and aerodynamic curves.

Streamline Modern: sometimes referred to as Modern Art, a late form of Art Deco design style that appeared in the 1930s. Its architectural style highlights curved shapes, long horizontal lines and sometimes nautical elements.
Art Deco: Decorative art and architecture style of the 1920s and 1930s characterized by bold geometric shapes and simple composition.

Contemporary House

Contemporary House

Contemporary home architecture-exterior

Contemporary home architecture-exterior

Contemporary houses reflect today’s architecture. Image: Lochwood-Lozier Custom Homes
Read on to find out how to identify this style of architecture and what differentiates it from others.


What is a contemporary house?

In simple words, contemporary houses reflect contemporary architecture. You may think that this definition stands for modern architecture, but it is a common misconception. Modern architecture refers to a popular style from the 1920s to the 1950s that includes clean lines and absolute minimalism. Contemporary architecture defines the ever-changing architectural styles of the 21st century.

Most modern homes have a modern style with postmodernism and deconstructive design adjustments. For the first time, we also see houses where building materials are just as important as the final product. With modern homes, we see a great emphasis on natural and sustainable building materials.

Contemporary Home dining

Contemporary Home dining

Contemporary houses are popular because they allow individuality. Image: Openspace architecture

What makes these houses so popular?

Contemporary houses are popular because they have broken with the change of architectural style. Traditionally, the prevailing architectural style of the time is the complete opposite of the previous one. For example, the simplicity of artisan homes directly opposes the over-opulence of the Victorian era.

The same is not true of contemporary architecture. In fact, this style borrowed much from modern design, its predecessor. He borrowed what worked, as evidenced by the emphasis on simple, clean lines and outward connection, and corrected what was not. Modern homes often have a much warmer design than modern versions.

This ability to choose and choose attributes has meant that individuality has never been brought to the fore. Owners were free to design their homes to match architectural conventions. Maybe that’s why contemporary design seems to stay in the long run.

Contemporary Home living

Contemporary Home living

In general, modern homes try to match interior and exterior. Image: RW Anderson Houses

Define the characteristics of a contemporary House

Although contemporary House design attaches great importance to individuality, there are some features that combine this style of living. You are:


Outside:
An irregular and asymmetrical facade
Strong emphasis on geometric shapes
Big windows
Clerestory window
Use of recycled building materials
Mixing of materials outside (eg wood and stone)

Interior:
One or two stories
An open floor plan
A lot of natural light
Use of natural or recycled materials
Ecological systems for plumbing, heating and air conditioning
Flexible layout, adapted to the needs of the family

For many people, the meaning of the word “contemporary” is difficult to grasp, as it constantly evolves to accommodate the modern context. The same applies to contemporary architecture. However, we are here to give the contemporary home a face and a definition once and for all.

Images Credit: RW Anderson Contemporary Homes

Fortified Italian Farmhouse

Fortified Italian Farmhouse

Alfresco Dining

Alfresco Dining

The impressive fortified farmhouse approached a large courtyard beyond the country. Once upon a time, a watchtower peering over Tuscany along the Valley of Niccone with an adjoining fortified farmhouse. Now, the dwelling famous as Castello di Reschio is the result of fantastic restoration that shows luxurious shaped in the main house and the guest cottage.

Pink White Living Room

Pink White Living Room

This cottage is completed by a double bedroom, en-suite bathroom, library, and full fledged kitchen. Arrighi, the name of this cottage offers the guests the amazing courtyard landscape with warm nice sunlight that you can enjoy by walking around the hill. The traditional interior and exterior provide comfort and classic taste to enjoy bright colors add punch to white backdrop and sandstone floors. Everywhere you are, you can always breaths the fresh air from the fresh grass across the cottage with the wild butterfly on it. What a fantastic landscape view!

Orange White Living Room

Orange White Living Room

Arrighi is home. None who comes will feel boring or dislike with this place. Combination of natural fresh landscape and warm nice exterior are the perfect things to do this weekend. So, what are you waiting for? Come visit us, breathe the fresh and pure oxygen here, and enjoy imaginable warm nice farmhouse in the history if Tuscany level.

Old Italian Farmhouse

Old Italian Farmhouse

Living Room with Mezzanine

Living Room with Mezzanine

Italian Farmhouse

Italian Farmhouse

Fortified Italian Farmhouse

Fortified Italian Farmhouse

Castello di Reschio

Castello di Reschio

Image Credit: Home Designing

Desert around Your Bedroom

Desert around Your Bedroom

Rondolino Residence 1

Rondolino Residence 1

There are lots of unique places in around the world. You will be so surprised when you find one of them by yourself. It has its own style to show their uniqueness. Sometimes it will look so strange or maybe a little weird, but that’s what makes the place becomes so famous and comfortable for the owner. One of the places is this unique place located in Nevada named Rondolino Residence.

Rondolino Residence 2

Rondolino Residence 2

The Rondolino Residence is owned by Fabrizio Rondolino also as an independent writer from Italy. This building is the protoplast from the T-modulome that designed by Nottoscale in 2002. This is more like the vacation residential. It is because the place located in the middle of desert near Scotty’s Junction, Nevada. The realizing place is more sophisticated rather than the prototype because it has transformed in modern style.

Rondolino Residence 3

Rondolino Residence 3

From the path, you will find the dirt one towards the wood stairs of the glass house. The electricity, the leach field has been brought to accommodate the owner need. There is a strong connection between inside and outside of the house. You can feel it from the placing of floor to ceiling windows that placed in mostly area of the house. The bathtub, the bedrooms, the dining room, and the living room are arranged to take benefits of views.

Rondolino Residence 4

Rondolino Residence 4

Rondolino Residence 5

Rondolino Residence 5

Rondolino Residence 6

Rondolino Residence 6

Rondolino Residence 7

Rondolino Residence 7

Rondolino Residence 8

Rondolino Residence 8

Image Credit: Minimalist House Design