American Art Deco Architecture is an explanation of European Architecture. Here we will review the architecture in more detail about the American Art Deco
Modern American architecture is generally divided into two styles: Art Deco and Modern Streamline.
Art Deco Architecture
Art Deco, created in the 1920s and flourishing in the 1930s-1940s, is a versatile style that combines traditional craft motifs with images and materials from the machine age.
Modern Streamline, also known as Modern Art, was a late-style type of Art Deco style appeared in the thirties. Its architectural style highlights curved shapes, long horizontal lines and sometimes nautical elements.
The Art Deco style is often characterized by rich colors, symmetry, bold geometric shapes, simple composition, straight forms instead of curves and lush decorations. In the inter-war period, when rapid industrialization transformed culture, one of the main characteristics of Art Deco was its technological orientation.
At its peak, Art Deco embodied luxury, glamor, opulence and confidence in social and technological progress. American cities have many examples of Art Deco architecture, including New York, Chicago and Detroit. The famous skyscrapers of these cities are the best known, but remarkable Art Deco buildings can be found in other parts of the city.
This photo shows the entrance to the East British Columbia building in Los Angeles in the 1930s. The terracotta sunburst pattern illustrates the distinctive combination of craftsmanship, ornaments and geometric patterns.
The terracotta sunburst pattern is a perfect example of the Art Deco combination of craft motifs, ornaments and geometric patterns.
The tower is composed of seven radiant terrace arches mounted one behind the other. The paneling is ribbed and riveted in a bright sun pattern with many triangular arched windows.
The sumptuous Art Deco tower of Chrysler New York City, designed by William Van Alen, was built between 1928 and 1930 and reflects the sumptuous ornamentation of the past, but a simple and unadorned composition of style.
As the decade of the Great Depression progressed in the 1930s, Americans saw the market as a new decorative element of the Art Deco style: rationalization. Streamline Modern is a concept initially developed by industrial designers who favored the aerodynamic concept of movement and speed, developed from scientific thought.
This aesthetic materialized through the use of cylindrical shapes and a long horizontal window shape. A number of designers have rapidly modernized and streamlined the design of everyday objects such as toasters.
Modern Streamline was both a reaction to Art Deco and a reflection of the economic crisis. Way was a useless ornament. The sharp angles have been replaced by simple aerodynamic curves. Exotic woods and stones were replaced by cement and glass.
Typical features of Streamline Modern are horizontal orientation, rounded edges, corner windows, glass blocks, portholes, chrome fittings, smooth exterior wall surfaces (usually stucco), horizontal grooves, and the attenuated colors.
This picture shows the warehouse of the company Hecht.
The Hecht Company Warehouse (Washington, DC) is a modern Streamline style building. The building uses a lot of glass blocks and ends with a dome shaped like a twelve-pointed star in the corner, lit up at night. The black brick with glass bricks embodies The Hecht Co. on the fifth floor.
Art Deco and rationalizing modernism, however, were not necessarily opposed. Streamlining Modern buildings with few decorative elements were not uncommon and sometimes there are so many crossovers that it can be difficult to distinguish between the two styles.
The picture shows the palladium from the outside. His name is on a huge vertical panel in the middle and movie projections are announced.
The Hollywood Palladium (in Hollywood, California) was a dance hall built in the 1940s in the style of the Streamline Modern. This photo shows the Palladium in 2005, before its renovation in 2008. Credit: art deco